SASSA Introduction

SASSA is the South African Social Security Agency by the government which distributes different types of social grants to eligible applicants. According to reports more than one-third population of South Africa rely on different types of social grants. SASSA distributes around 29 million social grants to the citizens of South Africa and the number is increasing daily.

SASSA uses the tax money to manage the funds and distribute them between eligible beneficiaries. In this article, we will discuss the history of the SASSA and what types of grants they are providing to the South African people.

What is SASSA

South African Social Security Agency (SASSA) was founded in 2005 and is now the leading social grant agency in South Africa. SASSA works under the government and has the responsibility to distribute different social grants among eligible South African citizens or Asylum seekers. 

SASSA distributes around 29 million social grants of which 13 million are child support grants. The number of Social Relief of Distress (SRD) grant receivers is 10 million, Old age grant receivers are 4 million, and 2 million are receiving Disability and War Veteran grants.

Types of SASSA Social Grants

SASSA provides different types of social grants. The SASSA Act of 2004 and its regulations provide the legal framework to manage seven major social grants in South Africa. However, later on, SASSA introduced the temporary Social Relief of Distress (SRD) grant in Covid-19 to support unemployed people. After Covid-19 SASSA extended the SRD grant. Now SASSA is providing 8 different types of social grants discussed below:

Child Support Grant

what is sassa Child Support Grant

The SASSA child support grant is for the primary caregivers of children under 18. The primary guardian of the children can apply for the child support grant if they are unable to fulfill the basic requirements of the child. The primary guardian will apply for the child support grant for up to 6 children and must have all necessary documents of the children.

Old Age Pension

what is sassa Old Age Pension

South African citizens over 60 years old can apply for the SASSA old age grant. SASSA introduced the old age grant to help old citizens who are struggling financially.

Disability Grant

what is sassa Disability grant

The SASSA disability grant was introduced to help mentally or physically disabled citizens. You can apply for the disability grant if you are aged between 18 to 59 and have severe mental or physical disability.

Foster Child Grant

what is sassa Foster child grant

A Foster care grant was launched to help the foster parents of the child to manage the daily expenses of the child. The foster child must be given to the parents legally by the court. The Foster care grant will expire once the child turns 18, leaves secondary school, or is no longer in the care of foster parents.

Care Dependency Grant

what is sassa care dependency grant

A care dependency grant is for those who have a child with severe mental or physical disability and need full-time care. The child must be under 18 to be eligible for this grant.

War Veterans Grant

what is sassa war veterans grant

A War veteran grant was released for those who participated in the Second World War (1939-1945), or the Korean War (1950-53) and struggling financially. To apply for the military veteran grant you must be 60 years old or have a physical disability.


what is sassa Grant in aid

The applicants of Old age grants, disability grants, or War veteran grants can apply for the Grant-in-Aid if they need someone for full-time care. Grant in aid will serve as an additional grant from which the applicants can hire someone for their care.

Social Relief of Distress (SRD) Grant

what is sassa srd grant

The SRD grant is released to help South African Citizens or Asylum seekers who do not have enough resources to fulfill their and their family’s basic needs. To apply for the SRD R350 grant the applicant should be unemployed and not have other source income.

How Does SASSA Operate

SASSA works under the government to distribute social grants. It receives funds through the national taxes. South African Revenue Service (SARS) has a progressive income tax rate of 37% of the total population. SASSA funds from those taxes and distributes the different grants between eligible applicants.

SASSA has a very strict security check to prevent fake applications. SASSA only wants to give grants to eligible persons. That is why sometimes the grant distributions are also late. SASSA verifies the applicant’s data from the different government databases to verify the eligibility of the applicant.

How SASSA Distributes Payments

SASSA offers two different payment methods which are bank account and cash send method. If you choose the grant payment method as a bank account then your grant payments will be directly deposited into your bank account on the approved payment dates. If you selected the cash-send method then you can collect your grant from the Post office or SASSA-partnered retail stores like Shoprite, Pick n Pay, Boxer, Usave, Checkers, and Spar.

If you are an SASSA gold card holder then you can collect your grant payment from any ATM. This is the extra service by SASSA to applicants to avoid the long queues in the bank or at post offices.


SASSA takes 7 business to verify and approve the banking details. It may take more time due to the workload on SASSA or any technical issue.

If your SASSA application is approved then you will receive a text notification on your SASSA registered phone number.

SASSA is operated by the government of South Africa and receives funds from the national taxes collected by SARS.

The applicants can apply for the SASSA social grants online through the official SASSA website or by visiting the nearest SASSA office.

No, all SASSA offices are closed on Saturdays and Sundays. SASSA works on weekdays from Monday to Friday between 07:30 and 16:00.


The South African Social Security Agency (SASSA) plays an important role in distributing social grants among the eligible citizens of South Africa. Since 2005, after the founding of SASSA, many people in South Africa have relied on SASSA grants. The government is increasing the budget of SASSA social grants every year to help the citizens of South Africa beat inflation and reduce poverty. SASSA relies on the national tax money and takes funds from the South African Revenue Service (SARS) to operate. For the correct distribution of social grants, SASSA verifies the identity and eligibility of the applicant against various databases.

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